These scenes depict some of the harrowing experiences the Aboure people had when Ivory Coast was under French Colonial rule
Re-enacting scenes from when the country was under French Colonial rule, these fascinating photographs show Ivorians showing off their culture in the annual Popo Carnival. The carnival in Bonoua is the Ivorian's version of Mardi Gras and runs for a week in the east of Abidjan. It one of the most well-attended events in the Ivory Coast.
Derived from at first a celebration of the cultural heritage of the Aboure people, the Popo Carnival involves gastronomic competitions, Miss pageants, sports days, a festival of traditional dances and reflection workshops among other activities.
Popo translates as 'mask,' allowing participants to design their own bright and colourful decorations to take part in the parades. Young men from the Aboure tribe present war dances for generations, while they also re-enact scenes of forced labour in the days of the colonial period.
These performances bring back particularly harrowing memories for many - men cower on the floor as those who play the parts of the taskmasters stand over them with batons and sticks at hand, ready to strike. The girls and women of the ethnic group also get involved in acting out some of the past, as they walk through the streets half-naked.
The Ivory Coast officially became a French colony on March 10, 1893. Slavery was eventually abolished in 1905, but it wasn't until 1958 that the country became an autonomous republic within the French Community as a result of a referendum.
Ivory Coast became independent on August 7, 1960. Ivorian tribe women flaunt colourful outfits at Popo Carnival
|This man plays the part of servant, forced into carrying his master by hammock, as another senior whips him into action|
|Young girls from the Aboure ethnic group attend one of the parades during the Popo Carnival in Bonoua|
|Young men from the Aboure ethnic group present a war dance for generations celebrations|
Faces are somewhat sterner in this photos, as the men from the Aboure perform the war dance complete with weapons
The carnival of Bonoua is the Ivorian's version of Mardi Gras running for a week, offering locals the chance to dress for the occasion
|An Ivorian takes part in a parade on the last day of the 35th Popo Carnival in Bonoua, around 40 miles south of Abidjan, Ivory Coast|
|Young girls from the Aboure ethnic group join the line to re-enact some of the culture and tradition of their background|
|Despite some aspects of the festival remembering some of the harsher aspects of their background, there is still opportunities for those involved to celebrate their culture|
|The carnival in the Ivory Coast is one of the most well attended events in the country where the young and old can get involved|
The Popo Carnival involves gastronomic competitions, Miss pageants, sports days, a festival of traditional dances and reflection workshops
|These fascinating photographs show Ivorians showing off their culture in the annual Popo Carnival|
|People take pictures of a young girl from the Aboure ethnic group attending a parade|
|Customs and traditions are celebrated in the carnival, which bursts onto the streets with fire and an array of colour|
|This participant is perhaps working up the courage to meet fire as hundred watch the colourful procession|
|Popo translates as 'mask,' allowing participants to design their own bright and colourful decorations to take part in the parades|
|The festival originally started off as a showcase of the culture and traditions of the Aboure people, but now it is an important national event that is in its 35th year|
- Daily Mail